Senior Correspondent Arnold Woodworth’s Weekly Web Wrap-Up for Wednesday 7-25-2018

Video:
This are living spider caught within an iMac is essentially the most literal roughly computer virus
 
 
 
 
Bill Gates Mug Shot Used in Advertisement on a Web Site – To Hilarious Effect
 
The advert seemed on a internet website online that coated maximum sorts of private computer systems – Windows, Linux and Mac – in conjunction with a piece of writing about four thieves who stole stuff from an Apple retailer.

Humor

Notice that the identify of the town become replaced to “Manhattan”.
It become “Albuquerque” within the authentic photograph.
 
Here’s a hyperlink to the unique picture:
 
 
 
 
Video:
A diehard Mac consumer switches to PC
 
 
 
 
In the United States, when you’ve got an Apple iPhone or iPad, it is a sturdy signal that you are making some huge cash.
 
Researchers discovered that “no person model is as predictive of being high-income as proudly owning an Apple iPhone” in response to 2017 records.
 
 
 
 
Apple Releases New 11.4.1 Update for HomePod
 
The new HomePod utility might be put in routinely at the HomePod after you replace to iOS 11.4, yet you’ll be able to additionally manually replace and take a look at your utility model.
 
According to Apple’s launch notes, the 11.4.1 replace for the HomePod comprises “basic enhancements for steadiness and high quality,” and not using a additional main points supplied
 
 
 
 
Today in Apple historical past:
July 22, 1997 – Mac OS 8 turns into an instantaneous ruin hit
 
Apple presented its next-gen running device, Mac OS 8, the 1st primary OS refresh for Macintosh since System 7’s launch in 1991.
 
Retailing for $99, Mac OS 8 got here at an important time for the money-losing Apple. Sales exceeded expectancies by means of an element of four, and 1.2 million copies bought within the first two weeks after it turned into to be had. This made Mac OS 8 essentially the most a hit Apple utility product on the time.
 
 
 
 
Apple updates MacE book Pro with quicker functionality and new points for professionals
 
 
 
 
MacE book Pro: Features, specs, and costs for Apple’s high-end laptop computer
 
The present model of the MacE book Pro become launched in July 2018. The new laptops have the similar design as the former model, however the laptops function new processors that supply a pace spice up.
 
Apple has six usual configurations of the MacE book Pro. Four of the ones items have the Touch Bar, a strip that’s situated the place the serve as keys are normally on the peak of the keyboard.
 
This article has an inventory of items and costs.
 
 
 
 
Apple 15-inch 2.9GHz MacE book Pro overview: A laptop computer that professional app customers will love
The leap from four to six processing cores makes the brand new 15-inch MacE book Pro a beast of a performer.
 
 
 
 
2018 MacE book Pro Benchmarked After Bug Fix: It’s This Much Faster
 
Bottom Line
The MacE book’s total CPU functionality is spectacular, and it’s SSD specifically is over-the-top speedy. You’ll realize a large jump in functionality in case you’re upgrading from a 2017 MacE book Pro or even an outstanding leap from remaining 12 months’s fashion.
 
 
 
 
These 2018 MacE book Pro items are the most productive values
 
For the 15-inch MacE book Pro, the model with the 4.1GHz Core i7 processor supplies the most productive performance-per-dollar ratio. For the 13-inch model, it’s the 3.8GHz Core i7 model. In each those instances, it’s the slower items which might be preferable for the ones taking a look for worth.
 
Someone who truthfully wishes the quickest MacE book Pro to be had will have to purchase the costliest tool. But for any person who doesn’t need to have the most productive and the brightest, and desires to make certain they’re getting their cash’s value, the Geekbench in step with greenback determine is a superb indication of the place this is.

No subject the worth, the 2018 MacE book Pro items are all dramatically quicker than their predecessors.

 
 
 
 
Top nine points of the 2018 MacE book Pro
 
Better keyboard, quicker processors, progressed audio system and extra RAM – simply to call a couple of.
 
 
 
 
2018 MacE book Pro items function the most important annually CPU functionality positive factors since 2011, in keeping with Geekbench founder John Poole.
 
Geekbench 4 ratings point out the newest 15-inch items have a 12 to 15 % building up in single-core functionality, whilst multi-core functionality is up 39 to 46 %, in comparison to the an identical 2017 items.
 
 
 
 
iFixit Tests Silicone Membrane on 2018 MacE book Pro Keyboard With Dust Exposure
 
iFixit tore aside the 13-inch model and came upon the presence of a brand new silicone membrane beneath the keyboard’s butterfly keys that Apple interior paperwork have since showed has been added to forestall dirt and different small particulates from inflicting key disasters.
 
iFixit has executed a far deeper dive, exposing the keyboard to mess to check it out.
 
Test effects point out that keyboard failure is much less most probably than with a 2017 MacE book Pro, yet nonetheless conceivable.
 
 
 
 
Some MacE book Pro customers whinge about throttling disorders
 
Dave Lee discovered that the top-performing MacE book Pro can’t function at complete pace for a very long time as it will get too sizzling.
 
According to him, a video export in Adobe Premiere Pro is taking longer on a brand spanking new MacE book Pro with an Intel Core i9 CPU than on a 2017 MacE book Pro with an Intel Core i7 CPU (earlier Intel technology).
 
Sure, in case you have a look at benchmarks, the brand new MacE book Pro destroys earlier items, or even many iMacs. But Apple is throttling the rate of the CPU in order that it doesn’t get too sizzling underneath the heavy load.
 
 
 
 
Why Apple’s Best MacE book Pro Is Too Powerful for Its Own Good
 
The downside, it kind of feels, is that Apple merely dropped Intel’s Core i9-CPU into the prevailing 15-inch MacE book Pro chassis, yet didn’t do a lot to fortify the device’s cooling or thermal control. So that suggests when humans requested to peform extra in depth duties, warmth temporarily builds up within a Core i9 MBP, and earlier than lengthy, it’s compelled to throttle the CPU to forestall the device from overheating, which negatively affects total functionality.
 
So for humans bearing in mind purchasing a brand new high-spec MacE book now that the 2018 items are out, except one thing adjustments, you’re most likely ignoring the Core i9 choice for now. Not best is a 15-inch Core i7 MacE book Pro simply as speedy, it prices masses much less too.
 
 
 
 
Consumer Reports says MacE book Pro thermal throttling is a function no longer a computer virus
 
The the most effective MacE book Pro with an Intel Core i9 processor has gotten some unhealthy press. The new laptop computer reportedly is topic to thermal throttling, which is a posh means of pronouncing that its CPU will get so sizzling that it slows itself down earlier than burning up.
 
But earlier than any person criticizes Apple an excessive amount of, Consumer Reports got here to the corporate’s protection. The consumer-testing group issues out that different laptops with top-tier processors also are topic to thermal throttling.
 
 
 
 
Apple Says 2018 MacE book Pro Throttling is a Bug, Fix Available Now in New macOS Update
 
Apple launched a brand new supplemental replace to macOS High Sierra 10.13.6, which is designed to deal with a computer virus that brought about the brand new eighth-generation quad-core and 6-core Intel processors within the 2018 MacE book Pro items to throttle inappropriately.
 
According to Apple, the throttling observed within the higher-end 2018 MacE book Pro with Core i9 chip and different 2018 MacE book Pro items is unintended.
 
 
 
 
In a choice with The Verge, representatives mentioned that the throttling become best exhibited underneath slightly particular, extremely intense workloads, which is why the corporate didn’t catch the computer virus earlier than launch.
 
The admission caps off a complete week of drama over those new MacE book Pros.
 
 
 
 
When did Apple’s integrated apps get so nice?
 
It was once that the first-party iOS apps have been best utilized by individuals who didn’t care sufficient to obtain one thing higher. Mail, Notes, Contacts, the Calendar — all of those have been instantly dumped right into a junk folder by means of skilled customers, to get replaced with a correct app. But one thing took place alongside methods to 2018. Now, Apple’s apps are each bit as nice as third-party apps. (Well, most commonly. The Contacts app remains to be terrible.)
 
Read the checklist of Apple’s ideal iOS apps.
 
 
 
 
The ideal paid Apple Watch apps of 2018
They’ll value you yet they are value it.
 
Here are 10 of our favourite paid apps you wish to have to have for your Apple Watch.
 
The costliest app within the checklist prices $9.99.
 
 
 
 
These are the 18 ideal iOS apps with darkish mode, in keeping with Apple
 
 
 
 
Remember to test this internet website online each day for new bargains on apps for iPhone and iPad.

http://bgr.com/apps-on-sale/

 
Microsoft Surface Go vs. Apple iPad: Inexpensive Tablets Compared
 
Microsoft’s new $399 Surface Go pocket book/pill is an reasonably priced solution to leap into the Surface ecosystem. Apple’s $329 iPad is an affordable pill that is stood on peak of its box for years. Let’s see how they evaluate.
 
 
 
 
The iPhone’s Face ID Struggles within the Morning
Thanks so much, Apple.
 
Unlike Beyoncé, we don’t all get up flawless—a minimum of no longer in keeping with the iPhone X.

Several iPhone X–proudly owning Twitter customers have taken to the latter (most likely the use of the previous) to whinge that Face ID—the telephone’s facial reputation expertise—fails to acknowledge their face very first thing within the morning. Like a drunken one-night stand, the iPhone X doesn’t reasonably know who they’re within the morning gentle.

 
While our fingerprints by no means range, it kind of feels our faces do, dramatically.
 
 
 
 
iPhone X units new list for resale worth
 
The reasonable resale charge is best at 85 % of the unique, or even those that purchase the telephones in bulk are paying about 75 % of the unique charge — those are a lot greater percentages than even earlier iPhone items, which bought at round 65 % of the unique charge part a 12 months once they hit the marketplace.
 
 
 
 
iOS 11.4.1 is right here, and the police will not be blissful
Cops will have a difficult time cracking your iPhone after this.
 
While it seems that to simply be a collection of computer virus fixes, an Apple beef up web page confirms it features a brand-new, a lot talked-about function: a USB Restricted Mode to stay police departments, governments and unhealthy actors from breaking into your iPhone.
 
Apple characterizes the brand new mode as remaining a safety hollow, no longer a solution to lock out the police officers, yet both means, it shuts off records to new USB equipment that plug into your iPhone’s Lightning port if it is been greater than an hour because you remaining unlocked your iPhone. 
 
 
 
 
How to Make Sure appzz.website Is Backing Up, Syncing Your Data
 
If you have felt the ache of wasting the entire footage, movies, and paperwork stored for your iPhone, or wish to keep away from it, appzz.website is your buddy. Here’s how to verify every little thing’s arrange and syncing.
 
 
 
 
Apple’s appzz.website consumer records in China is now dealt with by means of a state-owned cellular operator
 
If you’re an Apple  buyer residing in China who didn’t already decide out of getting your appzz.website records saved in the community, right here’s a nice explanation why to take action now. That knowledge, the information belonging to China-based appzz.website customers which incorporates emails and textual content messages, is now being saved by means of a department of China Telecom, the state-owned telco.
 
Apple itself has mentioned it become forced to make the transfer to be able to conform to Chinese government, and that barely eases the intellect.
 
 
 
 
Today in Apple historical past:
July 1, 2012 – MobileMe will get to R.I.P.
 
Launched in 2008, MobileMe become a subscription-based suite of on-line products and services and utility created by means of Apple.
 
Apple’s ill-fated appzz.website precursor become an early strive at operating a cloud-based subscription provider.
 
On paper, it sounded nice. In apply, it by no means lived as much as its promise.
 
 
 
 
Apple releases 11.4.1 bug-fix updates for iOS, tvOS, and HomePod, plus watchOS 4.3.2
 
These are level releases that don’t upload new points, yet relatively repair insects and optimize functionality.
 
 
 
 
The 2018 six-core MacE book Pro with eGPU offers the iMac Pro a run for its cash
 
The six-core MacE book Pro is as just about having an iMac Pro in a laptop pc as you’ll be able to get.
 
 
 
 
This nice stand turns your iPad right into a tiny iMac [Review]
 
Sturdy and classy, this stand could also be super-adjustable. 
 
 
 
 
There’s no solution to get better records from the brand new MacE book Pros if one thing breaks
 
A formidable explanation why to again up incessantly (Apple’s Time Machine is the best way).
 
Since 2017 when Apple introduced the 1st MacE book Pro with a Touch Bar, the solid-state pressure (SSD) has been soldered immediately to the common sense board. That implies that in relation to a common sense board failure, there become best one solution to extract records from the SSD. Apple saved a tiny proprietary port at the common sense board, and by means of taking your laptop computer to a Genius Bar and having them use proprietary apparatus, you must oftentimes retrieve records from the SSD.
 
But because of a teardown from iFixit, we now know that the information restoration port has vanished.
 
 
 
 
 
Today in Apple historical past:
July 17, 2002 – iMac G4 will get super-sized display screen
 
The iMac G4 is the writer’s favourite iMac in Apple historical past.
 
 
 
 
2018 MacE book Pro overview roundup: Apple unleashes a pace demon
 
This article has hyperlinks to different evaluations of the brand new super-powerful MacE book Pro.
 
The writer’s personal conclusion?
“Deciding whether or not to improve to the 2018 MacE book Pro is simple. Do you wish to have a quieter keyboard? Do you wish to have a quicker pocket book? If you replied no to these questions, there’s no want to fork out for Apple’s maximum powerful mechanical device. If you mentioned sure, it’s time to open your pockets.”
 
 
 
 
Apple MacE book Pro 2018: Everything you wish to have to understand
 
Lots of main points on this article.
 
 
 
 
 
How to keep away from wasting media when operating with appzz.website Photo Library

What you will have to learn about how appzz.website Photo Library works, and the way to not lose the rest.
 
 
 
 
Apple’s 2018 MacE book Pro adjustments every little thing except for the issues you wish to have
 
Apple simply unveiled a brand new MacE book Pro. And I have were given some nice information and a few unhealthy information.
 
 
 
 
Apple is a luxurious items maker
 
Being an Apple fan is a pricey interest.
Earlier this week, Apple refreshed its MacE book Pro lineup, and as The Verge identified, the costliest fashion now prices simply shy of $6,700. It’s essentially the most dear MacE book Pro the corporate has ever launched, if most probably no longer the preferred.
 
Apple is not simply an electronics corporate. It is, and has been for reasonably some time, a luxurious corporate. It sells a cultured, a design ethos, that many have attempted to duplicate, and few have executed so with luck. It markets its merchandise extra as way of life pieces than tech devices now, and Apple is one of the few manufacturers that has been sturdy sufficient to greenback the downward gross sales pattern at bodily retail shops in the previous couple of years. Consumers have proven again and again that they are keen to pay for Apple’s top rate.
 
 
 
 
Best antivirus for Mac: Protect your self from malicious utility
 
This is the second one replace of a piece of writing printed previous.
 
Macs is also a some distance much less tempting goal for malware and viruses, yet they’re no longer immune from assault. Even in case you don’t care about spy ware or getting used as a way to contaminate customers on different platforms, it’s nonetheless conceivable to fall sufferer to ransomware, password robbery, or stolen iPhone backups.

Accordingly, nice antivirus utility will give protection to your Mac on all of those fronts.

 
 
 
 
Archive Offers Up All Past Mac and iOS Wallpapers
 
Over the weekend, Reddit consumer Nucleam shared picture albums containing archives of all the other wallpapers that Apple has presented for iOS and macOS, offering an enchanting travel down reminiscence lane.
 
See small length variations of the photographs by means of clicking the hyperlink beneath.
 
 
 
 
Inside ‘the truth distortion box’: An early Apple worker instructed us what it become like having Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak as his bosses
 
Sometimes even the good Steve Jobs made a gigantic mistake.
 
 
 
 
How to mend fingerprint registration disorders on MacE book Pro with Touch ID
Mac telling you that it has no room for extra fingerprints while you know that isn’t the case? Here’s what is going on and the best way to repair it.
 
Step by means of step directions.
 
 
 
 
Apple is rolling out iOS 11.4.1 for iPhones and iPads in all places. There is not the rest in the way in which of recent points, as a substitute turning in on some computer virus fixes and steadiness enhancements.
 
This article has detailed directions for downloading the replace.
 
 
 
 
How to subscribe to a podcast for your iPhone or iPad
 
Step by means of step directions.
 
 
 
 
14 mind-expanding TED Talks to look at when you’ve got 20 mins to spare
 
 
 
 
Test Tube Born Artificial Neural Network Reads “Molecular Handwriting”
 
Researchers at Caltech have evolved a man-made neural community comprised of DNA that may resolve a vintage mechanical device finding out downside: appropriately figuring out handwritten numbers. The paintings is a vital step in demonstrating the capability to program man made intelligence into artificial biomolecular circuits.
 
Artificial neural networks are mathematical items impressed by means of the human mind. Despite being a lot simplified in comparison to their organic opposite numbers, man made neural networks serve as like networks of neurons and are able to processing complicated knowledge.
 
“Humans every have over 80 billion neurons within the mind, with which they make extremely subtle selections. Smaller animals corresponding to roundworms could make more practical selections the use of only a few hundred neurons. In this paintings, we have now designed and created bio-chemical circuits that serve as like a small community of neurons to categorise molecular knowledge considerably extra complicated than up to now conceivable,” says Qian.
 
 
 
 
Inside WikiLeaks: Working with the Publisher that Changed the World
 
Italian journalist Stefania Maurizi has labored with WikiLeaks for nine years at the Podesta emails and different revelations. Here’s an insider’s view of the writer that has incensed rulers across the international, determined to cover their corruption.
 
I started operating as one of WikiLeaks’ media companions in 2009, earlier than Assange and WikiLeaks printed such bombshells because the “Collateral Murder” video.
 
Like its paintings or no longer, WikiLeaks is an impartial media group that doesn’t need to depend on conventional media to post its scoops. Indeed it become based to circumvent the felony qualms conventional media will have about publishing labeled knowledge. 

With its 5.5 million fans on Twitter, WikiLeaks has an enormous social media presence that provides its paintings rapid have an effect on. But WikiLeaks has printed maximum of its revelations in collaboration with a selection of media companions.

 
I do not know who WikiLeaks’ resources have been for the Podesta emails: the entire thought of WikiLeaks is in response to the submission of secret or in a different way limited paperwork by means of nameless resources. Assange mentioned a lot of instances that his supply for the Clinton emails become no longer the Russian executive nor a state celebration.
 
 
 
 
Google has been fined a list breaking €4.34 billion (~$5BN) by means of European antitrust regulators for abusing the dominance of its Android cellular running device.

Competition commissioner Margrethe Vestager  has tweeted to verify the penalty forward of a press convention about to happen. Stay tuned for extra main points as we get them.

 
“In 2012 and 2013 Amazon attempted to license to tool producers its Android fork, known as Fire OS. It sought after to co-operate with producers to extend its probabilities of business luck. And producers have been yet because of Google’s restrictions, producers may no longer release Fire OS on even a unmarried tool,” she mentioned.
 
 
 
 
 
I Was the Mob Until the Mob Came for Me
 
I as soon as had a smartly paid activity in what may well be described because the “social justice business”. Then I disappointed the flawed individual, and inside of a brief window of time, I used to be regarded as too poisonous for my employer’s style. I used to be publicly shamed, mobbed, and lowered to a logo of male privilege. I used to be solid out of my occupation and my skilled group. Writing the rest underneath my very own byline now would invite a renewal of this mobbing—which is why, with my editor’s permission, I’m penning this underneath a pseudonym. He is aware of who I’m.
 
In my earlier existence, I used to be a self-righteous social justice crusader. I’d use my mid-sized Twitter and Facebook platforms to sign my wokeness on subjects corresponding to LGBT rights, rape tradition, and racial injustice. Many of the critiques I held then are nonetheless critiques that I hang right this moment. But I now notice that my social-media hyperactivity become, actually, doing extra hurt than nice.
 
The best reasons I used to be truthfully contributing to have been the reasons of mobbing and public shaming. Real exchange does no longer stem from those techniques. They best purpose department, alienation, and bitterness.
 
Social justice is a surveillance tradition, a snitch tradition. The consistent vigilance at the a part of my colleagues and pals did me in. That’s why I’m turning in sushi and pizza.
 
 
 
 
Facebook says it is going to start casting off incorrect information that ends up in violence
 
Under the brand new coverage, Facebook will start reviewing posts which might be erroneous or deceptive, and are created or shared with the intent of inflicting violence or bodily hurt. The posts might be reviewed in partnership with native organizations together with risk intelligence businesses, which Facebook says are in the most productive place to guage threats. 
 
 
 
 
Did WhatsApp messages result in killing of 22 humans throughout 10 states in India?
 
Did viral WhatsApp messages result in the killing of 22 humans throughout 10 states in India? Why are humans being killed as a result of viral WhatsApp message? Why does a mob become a ‘gang of killers’ after studying WhatsApp message?
 
The broad unfold of rumours and incorrect information hasn’t ever been more uncomplicated earlier than the huge enlargement of social media. The legislation enforcement businesses have not but found out a good way to maintain one of these decentralised phenomena.
 
 
 
 
Mobs are killing humans in India in response to false rumors unfold via WhatsApp
 
Despite efforts by means of the corporate to intrude, blameless humans in India are being murdered by means of aspiring vigilantes who’re falling prey to false knowledge unfold via the preferred messaging software WhatsApp.

India is WhatsApp’s biggest marketplace, the place greater than 200 million humans use it, incessantly as their major type of communique and sending billions of messages a day. But lots of its customers also are green with sensible telephones and susceptible to incorrect information that spreads speedy in the course of the app. 

“Even after those efforts … those mob lynchings are proceeding.” – Annie Gowen, India bureau leader for the Washington Post
More

 
More than a dozen humans were killed since May by means of mobs satisfied by means of messages that the folk they’re lynching are responsible of kid trafficking, organ harvesting or different egregious acts. 

The corporate WhatsApp, which is owned by means of Facebook, is publishing newspaper ads about pretend information and disclosing when a put up is forwarded, which can lend a hand point out if it is actual.

 
 
 
 
Marketing Firm Exactis Leaked a Personal Info Database with 340 Million data
 
The United States has about 340 Million voters.
 
Security researcher Vinny Troia came upon that Exactis, a knowledge dealer founded in Palm Coast, Florida, had uncovered a database that contained just about 340 million person data on a publicly obtainable server. The haul accommodates just about 2 terabytes of knowledge that looks to incorporate private knowledge on masses of tens of millions of American adults, in addition to tens of millions of companies. While the fitting selection of folks integrated within the records is not transparent—and the leak does not appear to comprise bank card knowledge or Social Security numbers—it does move into minute element for every person indexed, together with telephone numbers, house addresses, e-mail addresses, and different extremely private traits for each identify. The classes vary from pursuits and behavior to the quantity, age, and gender of the individual’s youngsters.

“It turns out like it is a database with just about each US citizen in it,” says Troia, who’s the founding father of his personal New York-based safety corporate, Night Lion Security.

 
Aside from the sheer breadth of the Exactis leak, it can be much more outstanding for its intensity: Each list incorporates entries that move some distance past touch knowledge and public data to incorporate greater than 400 variables on an infinite vary of particular traits: whether or not the individual smokes, their faith, whether or not they have got canines or cats, and pursuits as various as scuba diving and plus-size attire. WIRED independently analyzed a pattern of the information Troia shared and showed its authenticity, even though in some instances the knowledge is old-fashioned or erroneous.
 
 
 
 
Smart Technology That Tracks People Through Walls Raises Privacy Concerns
 
A workforce of researchers from MIT have evolved and examined a expertise known as RF-Pose, which makes use of man made intelligence to trace and establish the postures and actions of folks via strong partitions. 

By examining radio alerts which might be bounced off humans’s our bodies, the expertise can create stick determine interpretations of the topic with an accuracy of about 83%. 

The builders say that RF-Pose might be utilized by healthcare practitioners to watch illnesses corresponding to Multiple Sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, and Parkinson’s. However, the expertise has been a choice to fear for privateness advocates.

 
 
 
 
Largest Voting Machine Vendor in US Admits Its Systems Had Remote-Access Software Installed
 
A bombshell revelation at the safety of balloting within the United States has simply surfaced within the type of a letter from the rustic’s biggest balloting mechanical device producer. The corporate, Election Systems and Software (ES&S) admitted that regardless of denying earlier allegations of its balloting methods coming put in with remote-access utility, their methods did, certainly, permit for distant connections.

In a letter to Sen. Ron Wyden (D-OR), written in April, yet best launched this week, the corporate said that it had put in utility that made the methods remotely obtainable from anyplace.

 
For those that is also unfamiliar, notebook computerAnywhere become a remote-access utility by means of Symantec which allowed humans to remotely entry different computer systems from anyplace on this planet. In 2012, Symantec issued a press launch telling all customers to disable and uninstall the utility after admitting that it were hacked years prior in 2006 — on the similar time ES&S become promoting balloting methods with notebook computerAnywhere pre-installed on them.